Turkey`s Fauna & Flora

Turkey's Flora and Fauna is so rich that it has become a competitor of Europe. Turkey is a home of numerous decorative flowers among which Tulip is noteworthy. Among Turkish Flora and Fauna there are 9,000 plant species and 8,000 animal species.

According to Prof. P.H. Davis of Edinburgh University, who spent 50 years authoring “The Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands”: Turkey is the only country in the world under the influence of 3 botanical geographical regions.

Famous bioclimatist Kopen, Walter and Emberger concurred that: Turkey is the only country in the world subject to three main climates: Euro-Sib; Med: Iran-Turan

The wide variation in topography and climate; the fact that Turkey is surrounded by four seas, each with its own ecological constitution; and the relatively late development of industry and agriculture has resulted in an phenomenal wealth of plant and animal life within Turkey’s borders.. The geographical location of Turkey along with its favorable climate has made Turkey Flora and Fauna very rich.

Turkey is also situated on the main migratory routes for birds between Asia, Africa and Europe, thus increasing the number of species found here. Turkey is a heaven of bird watchers. Among the Turkey Flora and Fauna different types of animals, beautiful birds, fishes, etc. are included in Turkish Fauna.

Some of the animals included in Turkish Fauna are:

Bald ibis
Kangal Dog
Van cat
Chelonia mydas
Sea turtles
Among Turkey Flora and Fauna many cultivated plants are included in Turkish Flora.

Some of the plants included in Turkish Flora are:


Some of the beautiful flowers included in Turkish Flora are:

The immense Turkey Flora and Fauna has made Turkey a more beautiful place. Turkey has almost as many species of wild flowers as the rest of Europe combined; of the over 9000 species so far identified more than one third are native to the country, many found nowhere else on earth. Turkey is regarded as an important gene centre for many cultivated crops, whose wild ancestors can still be found growing in Anatolia. The defence mechanisms and disease resistence of the wild forms tend to be more highly developed than those of the cultivated plants and can be transmitted through biotechnology. The wild forms remain a fundamental reference source when developing new and improved strains. Turkey is the home of over thirty species of wild wheat, along with barley, chickpeas, lentils, apricots, figs, cherries and many types of nuts. A large number of ornamental flowers were cultivated from Turkish wild forms, including most famously the tulip but also the crocus, snowdrop, and lily.

Anatolia is similarly rich in fauna, with over 80,000 species. It is the original homeland for the fallow deer, the pheasant and the domestic sheep. Lions, tigers and leopards once prowled freely across the Anatolian steppe. Today, the mountains and national parks still abound with wildlife, such as brown bears, wild boar, lynx, wolves, water buffalo, the occasional leopard and over 400 species of birds, several of them endangered. Turkey's Mediterranean and Aegean coasts provide refuge for the endangered monk seal andthe logger-head turtle. Of the world's 300 remaining monk seals, 50 live in Turkish waters.


This web page created by Erkan GÜZELKÜÇÜK

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